Cystoscopy means looking into the bladder with a thin lighted instrument. It is a very common and safe procedure which allows the urologist to inspect the interior of the bladder.

A cystoscopy usually only lasts a two or three minutes and no special preparation is necessary. The patient will lie on the exam table and the nurse will gently apply anesthetic jelly to the urethra to reduce the possibility of discomfort during the procedure. The urologist will then slowly insert the cystoscope. There will be mild discomfort for the first few seconds.

The urologist will inspect the interior of the bladder by means of a small video camera attached to the scope. The nurse will flow sterile water through the scope to fill the bladder for inspection. When the doctor has completed the exam, the bladder will be emptied and the scope withdrawn. The nurse may provide an oral antibiotic. Afterwards, the doctor will discuss the findings with the patient.

It is safe to drive and resume usual activities immediately after the cystoscopy. However, there may be mild discomfort the first few times the patient urinates. There is a minor risk of urinary infection or bleeding. The patient should call the office if there is significant discomfort or if other problems persist.